Tx with Proxetta

Up to now, all database statements were executed in auto-commit mode (inside DbSession). This is not how it should be in practice. Services must ensure atomicity of the operation, so it anything breaks during the execution, complete operation has to be rolled back.

Obviously, we are talking about the transactions here. Jodd provides custom simplified transaction support. Transactions in Jodd are done across several transactional resources (one of them may be a database). Jodd transactions does not support distributed transactions, two-phase commits and all those features that are part of large, huge, enterprise systems. Instead, it offers what you really need in most cases: pragmatic transactions layer that works without J2EE container and without much trouble.

Naturally, we do not want to manually manage transactions, like in the last example. Instead, we will use aspects to describe where transactions should be managed and which type of transaction is in use. Proxetta will find all annotated service methods and manage transactions around.

There are not a lot of code in this step, but it is a hard-core one. Be patient and stay with us!

Initializing Proxetta

Jodd already offers an advice for methods annotated with @Transaction annotation: AnnotationTxAdvice. Let's apply it on all annotated service methods of beans registered in application Petite container. Since we have to integrate Proxetta with the Petite, Proxetta has to be initialized before the Petite container. AppCore is now modified to:

    public class AppCore {
        public synchronized void start() {
            ...                // init everything else

        ProxyProxetta proxetta;

        void initProxetta() {
            ProxyAspect txServiceProxy = new ProxyAspect(AnnotationTxAdvice.class,
                new MethodAnnotationPointcut(Transaction.class) {
                    public boolean apply(MethodInfo mi) {
                        return isPublic(mi) &&
                                isTopLevelMethod(mi) &&
                                matchClassName(mi, "*Service") &&
            proxetta = ProxyProxetta.withAspects(txServiceProxy);

This code defines transactional proxy by setting the advice and pointcut on all method annotated with @Transaction annotation. Pointcut is defined on public, top-level methods, of all classes which name ends with Service.

Once when Proxetta is ready, it has to be use during bean registration in Petite container. Like many things in Jodd, this is done by extending - or using provided solution: ProxettaAwarePetiteContainer:

    public class AppCore {
        void initPetite() {
            petite = new ProxettaAwarePetiteContainer(proxetta);

And that is all :)

Transaction Manager

JtxTransactionManager is transaction manager responsible for transactions propagation and resource managers. In general, it works across several transaction resource types. However, if we are sure that we gonna use just one transactional resource and that resource is database (that is often true) we can use the simplified version of transaction manager: DbJtxTransactionManager. It is simplified just in sense of usage, all underlying mechanisms are the same. For example, it is easier to create such manager by just providing ConnectionProvider instance.

Our advice must be somehow aware of transaction manager, in order to control transactions. Advice AnnotationTxAdvice communicates with the rest of the world through AnnotationTxAdviceManager. To refresh our knowledge: Proxetta advice defines the code that will be actually inserted around pointcuts using byte code manipulation. Advice's code has to be written with that in mind. Therefore, it may happens that code that compiles and looks correct doesn't work in run-time, once applied on target methods. Usually, the easiest way for advice to communicate with the other parts of the application is through some global static field. This is how we will set the instance of AnnotationTxAdviceManager and make it available for the advice.

Third and the last thing is the change of used session provider. Sessions now doesn't have to be stored in thread storage since they are transactional resource and managed by transactional manager. We will use DbJtxSessionProvider to provide sessions when needed. We will use the default version that expect transaction to exist or it will throw an exception if not. In practice this means that database access must happens during the execution of @Transaction method.

Here are described changes applied on initDb():

    public class AppCore {
        JtxTransactionManager jtxManager;
        ConnectionProvider connectionProvider;

        void initDb() {
                CoreConnectionPool.class, "dbpool", null, null, false);
            connectionProvider = (ConnectionProvider) petite.getBean("dbpool");

            // transactions
            jtxManager = new DbJtxTransactionManager(connectionProvider);
                    = new AnnotationTxAdviceManager(jtxManager, "$class");
            DbSessionProvider sessionProvider =
                new DbJtxSessionProvider(jtxManager);

            // global settings
            DbManager dbManager = DbManager.getInstance();


        void stopDb() {

As you can see, everything said above is set just in few lines. Lets cover some more details. We ask transaction manager to validates existing transactions before participating in them. This is not necessary, but it makes declaration of transactions more precisely. AnnotationTxAdviceManager, as said, is used by the advice. It reads annotations, holds configuration and offers way to handle transactions. Second argument specifies what will be the transaction context (i.e. tx owner) using simple patterns. Second requests for transactions inside the same transaction context is ignored. Practically this means that if class is set as transactional context ($class), the first method call will create the transaction and all nested calls of other transactional methods of the same class will not request new transactions. Alternatively, we could use method context ($class#$method), or just public context where there are no nested transactions (any constant string, e.g. tx).

Once again, this is just one way how Jodd can be configured…

Transactions declaration

Service methods has to be annotated to declare transactions on them:

    import static jodd.jtx.JtxPropagationBehavior.PROPAGATION_SUPPORTS;

    public class FooService {

        AppDao appDao;

        @Transaction(propagation = PROPAGATION_SUPPORTS, readOnly = false)
        public void storeUser(User user) {

        @Transaction(propagation = PROPAGATION_SUPPORTS)
        public User findUserById(long id) {
            return appDao.findById(User.class, Long.valueOf(id));

Restart Tomcat and head to the index page. Again, new user is successfully stored. Yeah!


We learned here how to configure JTX and how to declaratively set transaction using annotations.