More wiring

More wiring topics.

Wiring external beans with container

All beans registered into the container will be wired. Wiring is lazy, i.e. it happens when some bean is requested (by bean name) for the first time in its scope. Petite then creates new bean instance and wires it.

All this happens for beans that are inside the container, i.e. registered. However, it is possible to wire any external object with the container context anytime during the runtime of the application.

    PetiteContainer pc = ....
    Foo foo = new Foo();

Petite will wire the Foo instance, but only using property and method injection (since bean is already created). Important is that Foo class is still not registered into the container. The only thing Petite stores is just some internal cache data, to speed up further injections for the same class.

It is possible to invoke init methods after wiring by setting second optional argument of wireBean() method to true.

Creating beans with container

Petite allows something more: to create the bean by container. This makes constructor injection possible, what was not available for simple wiring.

    PetiteContainer pc = ....
    Foo foo = pc.createBean(Foo.class);

Created beans are wired and init methods are invoked. However, created beans are not registered into the container.

Mixing scopes

By default, Petite does not support mixed scopes. In other words, you should only inject beans of 'longer' scopes into beans of 'shorter' scopes. For example, you may inject singleton bean into session or prototype bean.

Doing opposite, by default, does not give any usable result. For example, if you inject session bean into the singleton target, only the one session bean will be wired! Singleton is created once, and therefore, it is wired once, and whatever session is available at that moment will be used for providing the session bean that will be injected into the target.

Fortunately, Petite provides scoped proxies that allows mixing scopes. Simply by enabling this flag, Petite will detect injections of mixed scopes and will inject a proxy instead. This scoped proxy lookup for the real bean and delegates method calls to it. By doing so, user will always access the correct bean.

Here is an example. First we need to enable mixed scopes:

    PetiteContainer petiteContainer = ...

We could use just the second flag; however, by enabling the detection there will be additional message in the log.

Here is the singleton bean:

    public class ItemService {

        ItemManager itemManager;

        public ItemManager getItemManager() {
            return itemManager;

        public void setItemManager(ItemManager itemManager) {
            this.itemManager = itemManager;

And here is the session scoped manager bean:

    @PetiteBean(scope = SessionScope.class)
    public class ItemManager {

If you lookup for the ItemService, you will always get the singleton instance. However, calling getItemManager() will return scoped proxy for ItemManager, that will delegate to the real bean instance stored in current session.

Note that scoped bean proxy is created only when mixed scopes are detected. In above example, if ItemManager is used injected into 'shorter' scoped bean, no scoped proxy is created.